AP United States History Spring 2020

Week 22

2/18-2/21
Period 7 1898-1945


1. Read and take notes in your Analytical Journal

C21 America and the Great War 1914-1920

The Search for a New World Order p. 603-606


2. Short Answer Question

a). Briefly explain ONE example of government repression of civil liberties in America, stemming from American involvement in World War I.

b). Briefly explain One example of private citizen efforts to repress civil liberties in America, stemming from American involvement in World War I.

c). Briefly explain ONE example of targets of repression in American society, stemming from American involvement in World War I.


Week 21

2/10-2/13
Period 7 1898-1945

1. Read and take notes in your Analytical Journal

"War  Without Stint"
Entering the War p. 591-592
The American Expeditionary Force p. 592-593
The War and Society p.596-598
The Futile Search for Social Unity p. 599-603

LEQ Thursday in-class 2/13
Essential Question Monday 2/16


Prompt

Evaluate the effectiveness of Progressive Era reformers and the federal government in bringing about change at the local, state, and national level. In your answer, be sure to analyze the successes and limitations of these efforts in the period 1900-1920. 


World War I 
The Associated Press ranked World War I as the 8th most important event of the 20th century. In fact, almost everything that subsequently happened occurred because of World War I: the Great Depression, World War II, the Holocaust, the Cold War, and the collapse of empires. No event better underscores the utter unpredictability of the future. Europe hadn't fought a major war for 100 years. A product of miscalculation, misunderstanding, and miscommunication, the conflict might have been averted at many points during the five weeks preceding the fighting. World War I destroyed four empires - German, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman, and Romanov - and touched off colonial revolts in the Middle East and Vietnam. WWI shattered Americans' faith in reform and moral crusades. WWI carried far-reaching consequences for the home front, including prohibition, women's suffrage, and a bitter debate over civil liberties. World War I killed more people (9 million combatants and 5 million civilians) and cost more money ($186 billion in direct costs and another $151 billion in indirect costs) than any previous war in history.

Triggered by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, World War I began in August 1914 when Germany invaded Belgium and France. Several events led to U.S. intervention: the sinking of the Lusitania, a British passenger liner; unrestricted German submarine warfare; and the Zimmerman note, which revealed a German plot to provoke Mexico to war against the United States. Millions of American men were drafted, and Congress created a War Industries Board to coordinate production and a National War Labor Board to unify labor policy. The Treaty of Versailles deprived Germany of territory and forced it to pay reparations. President Wilson agreed to the treaty because it provided for the establishment of a League of Nations, but he was unable to persuade the Senate to ratify the treaty.

1. Nearly 10 million soldiers died and about 21 million were wounded. U.S. deaths totaled 116,516.

2. Four empires collapsed: the Russian Empire in 1917, the German and the Austro-Hungarian in 1918, and the Ottoman in 1922.

3. Independent republics were formed in Austria, Czechoslovakia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, and Turkey.

4. Most Arab lands that had been part of the Ottoman Empire came under the control of Britain and France.

5. The Bolsheviks took power in Russia in 1917, and fascists triumphed in Italy in 1922.

6. Other consequences of the war included the mass murder of Armenians in Turkey and an influenza epidemic that killed over 25 million people worldwide.

7. Under the peace settlement, Germany was required to pay reparations eventually set at $33 billion; accept responsibility for the war; cede territory to Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, and Poland; give up its overseas colonies; and accept an allied military force on the west bank of the Rhine River for 15 years.

Monday 2/10

1. Read and Review webpage

C21 America and the Great War 1914-1920

     a. Summary

     b. Timeline

     c. Themes 

     d. Digital History Overview and Summary


Connecting Concepts p. 584


1. Read and take notes in your Analytical Journal

The Big Stick: America and the World p. 584-589

The Road to War p. 589-591


Key Terms

Allies                                                 Central Powers 

Dollar Diplomacy                            Triple Entente

General John J. Pershing               “Great Migration” League of Nations

Ludlow Massacre                             Lusitania 

 Marcus Garvey                                Zimmermann Telegram

Sacco and Vanzetti                           Nineteenth Amendment

Palmer Raids                                    Pancho Villa 

 Red Scare                                         Roosevelt Corollary

Senator Henry Cabot Lodge           The Fourteen Points Treaty of Versailles

Trench warfare                                 Triple Alliance 

 

Essential Question due Monday 2/17

1. Discuss the social, economic, and political effects World War I had on the home front.

     a. Social effects 597-598

     b. Economic effects p. 597-598

     c. Political effects 599-602


Week 21

2/3-2/7
Period 7 1898-1945

Friday-Sunday 2/7-2/9

            The Progressive Era
            Theodore Roosevelt
             Muckrakers
             Practice


1. Read and take notes in your Analytical Journal
The Troubled Succession p. 570-
Woodrow Wilson and New Freedom p.579-581

2. Essential Questions due Sunday

Wednesday 2/5

1. Read and take notes in your Analytical Journal
Challenging the Capitalist Order p. 568-570
Theodore Roosevelt and the Modern Presidency p. 570-577

Tuesday 2/4


1. Read and take notes in your Analytical Journal
The Assault on the Parties p. 560-564
Sources of Progressive Reform p. 564-566
Crusade for Social Order and Reform p. 566-568

2. Essential Questions google classroom due Sunday 2/9

Monday 2/3


Progressivism is an umbrella label for a wide range of economic, political, social, and moral reforms. These included efforts to outlaw the sale of alcohol; regulate child labor and sweatshops; scientifically manage natural resources; insure pure and wholesome water and milk; Americanize immigrants or restrict immigration altogether; and bust or regulate trusts. Drawing support from the urban, college-educated middle class, Progressive reformers sought to eliminate corruption in government, regulate business practices, address health hazards, improve working conditions, and give the public more direct control over government through direct primaries to nominate candidates for public office, direct election of Senators, the initiative, referendum, and recall, and women's suffrage.


By the beginning of the twentieth century, muckraking journalists were calling attention to the exploitation of child labor, corruption in city governments, the horror of lynching, and the ruthless business practices employed by businessmen like John D. Rockefeller. At the local level, many Progressives sought to suppress red-light districts, expand high schools, construct playgrounds, and replace corrupt urban political machines with more efficient system of municipal government. At the state level, Progressives enacted minimum wage laws for women workers, instituted industrial accident insurance, restricted child labor, and improved factory regulation. At the national level, Congress passed laws establishing federal regulation of the meat-packing, drug, and railroad industries, and strengthened anti-trust laws. It also lowered the tariff, established federal control over the banking system, and enacted legislation to improve working condition. Four constitutional amendments were adopted during the Progressive era, which authorized an income tax, provided for the direct election of senators, extended the vote to women, and prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.


1. Read and Review webpage

C20 The Progressive Era 1890-1920

     a. Summary

     b. Timeline

     c. Themes 

     d. Digital History Overview and Summary


C20 Connecting Concepts p.552


2. Read and take notes in your Analytical Journal

The Progressive Impulse p. 552-556

Women and Reform p. 556-560


Key Terms


Reform                                                                         Roosevelt's "Square Deal"
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire                                             New Nationalism
“Muckrakers”                                                             Woodrow Wilson
Walter Rauschenbusch                                               New Freedom
Social Gospel                                                               Election of 1912
The Club Movement                                                   National Women's Suffrage Association
The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union           16th Amendment     
Jane Addams and Hull House                                   17th Amendment
“The Trusts”                                                               18th Amendment

Business Regulation                                                   19th Amendment
John Muir                                                                   Pinchot- Ballinger Affair
The Conservation Movement                                    Hetch-Hetchy
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)                                           Ida B. Wells
Booker T. Washington                                               Upton Sinclair
The “Atlanta Compromise” Speech                         Ida Tarbell              

W.E.B.DuBois                                                            "Bull Moose Party " 1912

NAACP                                                                        Socialism


Essential Questions

Directions: Cite relevant historical evidence in support of your generalizations (Historical Vocabulary) and present your arguments clearly and logically. Each response should be 7-10 sentences and address the entire question (10 points).  


1). What “moral” crusades did progressives undertake in their efforts to reform the social order?

2). How did W. E. B. Du Bois's philosophy on race relations differ from that of Booker T. Washington?

3). Discuss the presidential election of 1912. What happened and why? What were the similarities and differences between the candidates? Discuss New Nationalism and New Freedom.
4). Outline the domestic policies of the Progressive Era. Organize your research around the administration of Roosevelt and Wilson. Identify key terms and events focusing on domestic affairs between 1900-1920.